Kidney Stones – What are they and why they occur?
Kidneys are the mediators that monitor the levels of salts, minerals and body fluids. When this process is altered, the salts and minerals start accumulating inside the kidney. This accumulation of salt and mineral results in the formation of small masses, known as renal calculi or the kidney stones.
Kidney stones vary in dimensions as well as appearance. They may be either smaller in size or more significant depending upon the accumulation content of the salt and mineral responsible for its formation.
What are the causes of the Kidney Stones?
The checkpoints of the kidney stone development include factors like loss of water from the body or dehydration, weight gain or obesity, diet rich in sugar, salt, and protein., inflammatory bowel syndrome, etc.
What are the renal calculi chemically made up of?
Chemically, the renal calculi or the kidney stones content varies accordingly. The different types of the kidney stones and their respective materials are enlisted below:
1- Calcium-based kidney stones:
The salt responsible for this type of kidney stone is calcium oxalate. To work on this type one needs to put a check on the oxalate-containing food in the diet.
2- Uric Acid based kidney stones:
This type is noticed more in men as compared to the women. This is most frequently observed in people with gout or those who are on the chemotherapeutic treatment. This results when your urine becomes exceptionally acidic.
3- Struvite based kidney stones:
This type is explicitly noticed in women suffering from the UTI (urinary tract infections).
They may result in obstructing the flow of urine.
4- Cystine based kidney stones:
This is the rarest type of the kidney stones which is found to occur in individuals suffering from cystinuria, a genetic disorder.
Symptoms of the kidney stones:
Symptoms of the kidney stones include red, pink or brown urine which is indicative of the blood present in the urine, vomiting, nausea, foul-smelling urine.
However if your kidney stone is comparatively of smaller dimension, you may not experience any of the symptoms. This is due to the relatively smaller size of the stones which facilitates their passage through the urine.
When to approach a doctor?
Take an immediate appointment with your medical practitioner if you experience any of the above symptoms. In addition, keep an eye on the severe pain you witness which you makes feel uncomfortable to sit or stand till at one position.
Your doctor may prescribe you the necessary medication regime to eliminate the existing ones and prevent the further reoccurrence of the kidney stones if you are prone to experience it again.